National Climate Change Monitoring and Evaluation System (SNMAMC)

In order to monitor and evaluate climate change responses under the National Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategy (ENAMMC), a National Climate Change Monitoring and Evaluation System (Sistema Nacional de Monitoria e Avaliação das Mudanças Climáticas - SNMAMC) has been developed with the aim of integrating climate change responses fully in governmental planning and budget systems across ministries. This was approved in October 2014 and provides the basis for national reporting to the Council of Ministers and international conventions, and assists in reporting on climate change funding. 
The SMNAMC aims to:
  • improve the efficiency in fulfilling national and international reporting requirements;
  • provide a way to assess the effectiveness of climate change responses;
  • improve access to, and accountability for the use of, domestic and international climate finance;
  • improve the formulation of future policies and programmes by learning from past implementation.

It does NOT address the physical aspects of climate change (such as weather patterns or environmental impacts) as this falls within the mandate of existing programs and institutions. It was designed through a participatory process, namely consultations with a wide range of stakeholders at national and local levels. This process has been an important means of creating an increased awareness of climate change issues and ensuring ownership of the SNMAMC.

The main components of the SNMAMC are:

  • An Indicator Framework at national and sectoral level, to track progress towards the objectives and results of the ENAMMC (see Figure above);
  • Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventories to measure emissions and progress towards low carbon development;
  • Climate Change Expenditure Assessments and result tracking of climate change finance;
  • Climate Change vulnerability assessments at sectoral and local levels, to assess changes in vulnerability and local results of adaptation policies and interventions;
  • Learning mechanisms to understand what approaches and technologies are successful; and 
  • Communication and sharing of monitoring and evaluation results to inform stakeholders and influence policy development and implementation.
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