Mozambique is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. It is the only country in sub-Saharan Africa which is considered at high risk from all three climate hazards: drought, floods and coastal storms. The majority of Mozambicans inhabit rural areas which are prone to weather and climate shocks, they have low adaptive capacities, and they are heavily reliant on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture and livestock. Droughts, floods, and tropical cyclones pose a particular threat to coastal communities, transport infrastructure, and livelihoods that are dependent upon rain-fed agriculture, and floods in particular have been prevalent over the past few years. As an example, in 2015, the country was hit by heavy rains and floods in the central and northern regions of the country, and at least 35,000 houses were destroyed partially or completely. Projections indicate that climate change impacts in Mozambique will increase in both frequency and intensity.
Mozambique’s National Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategy (NCCAMS) (Estratégia Nacional de Adaptação e Mitigação de Mudanças Climáticas - ENAMMC) was approved during the 39th Session of the Council of Ministers in Maputo on 13 November 2012. It represents a turning point in Mozambique’s response to the challenges of climate change, setting out strategic actions to be implemented to ensure a more prosperous, resilient, and sustainable future for the country.