Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)
Mozambique is exposed to risks from multiple weather-related hazards, suffering from periodic floods, cyclones and droughts. In the past 30 years, 14 per cent of the population has been affected by a drought or a flood/storm (National Institute of Disaster Management, INGC 2009). Droughts, Floods,cyclones and epidemics are the most frequent disasters, although droughts affect by far the largest number of people. Coastal erosion, storm surges and rising sea levels threaten Mozambique's coastal zone and cities - the largest cities in Mozambique, including the capital Maputo, are mostly located near the coast.
Given this high vulnerability to climate change, Mozambique was selected as one of the pilot countries for the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). Following approval, the Government of Mozambique prepared a US$100 million Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) with the assistance of the World Bank, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the International Finance Cooperation (IFC). Support totalling US$86 million was endorsed by the Climate Investment Funds (CIF) in June 2011. The SPCR aims to introduce climate resilience into development planning through a combination of pilot investments in different sectors (hydro-meteorology, rural roads, agriculture, private sector and urban), support for knowledge management and institutional reforms. The SPCR has three pillars as follows: (i) Institutional and policy reforms; (ii) ‘Transformational’ investment pilots; (iii) Management, monitoring and knowledge management.
Report of the PPCR: this summarizes the main achievements of the Pilot Projects for Climate Resilience (PPCR) for the period of June 2014, to June 2015.
Updates on some of the pilot projects are below: